Orthodontic Home Care


Check your braces once a week for anything loose or bent.  If a bracket or band comes loose or you break a wire, please call our office so that we can arrange an appointment to repair it.  Try to explain what has happened by using the diagram provided.  Be as specific as possible with the receptionist.  If you lose your rubber bands, call us so we can mail you some more or drop by the office and pick some up.

Sore Teeth

After your braces are placed in the mouth it is normal for the teeth to be sore for about 2 or 3 days.  Tylenol or Advil will help relieve this discomfort.  Some irritation to the cheeks and tongue is normal, but if you feel anything sharp is poking you or any sores are developing, please call our office.


Attached to your braces, elastics (rubber bands) exert the proper force that creates the right amount of pressure to move your teeth.  In order for this force to remain constant, elastics must be worn all the time and changed every day. Any time missed in wearing your elastics will only lengthen the time of your treatment.  So, remember these things:

You are responsible for placing the elastics on your braces between appointments.  Make sure to wear them as instructed.  Remove them only when brushing your teeth, gums, and braces after meals.  Then put them back on immediately.

Always carry a few elastics with you, so if one breaks you can replace it right away.  If your supply is low, call the office and we will mail you an additional supply.

If you forget to insert your elastics one day, don’t double up the next day.  Just follow your regular instructions.

Elastics can become worn out.  When they lose their elasticity, they don’t provide the proper pressure on your teeth and jaws.  It is very important to change them as directed, even when they are not broken.

If your elastics break frequently, a wire or band loosens, or a hook breaks off, call our office immediately.  Don’t wait until your next appointment.  These problems need to be corrected as quickly as possible!


You will notice that it is much harder to keep your teeth clean with braces.  Food compacts in the brackets and between your teeth, and can only be removed by brushing and flossing.  If plaque remains on the teeth for any length of time, it will leave a permanent white scar on the surface.  Brushing after meals should become part of your daily routine.  Use a soft toothbrush with firm pressure and brush at a 45-degree angle to the tooth; brush in small circles above and below the brackets.  Click here for visual instructions.  Your toothbrush will wear out faster because of your appliances, so be sure to replace it whenever the bristles start to fray.  A Waterpik can be a useful addition but it cannot remove the sticky plaque that adheres to the teeth.  Electric toothbrushes are great.  Flossing is important and should be done every day. The floss threaders are reusable.

Eating Habits

Please do not eat hard foods such as:  nuts, ice, crisp taco shells, whole apples and carrots (cut them into pieces first), hard French bread crust and rolls, spareribs, corn on the cob (cut the corn off the cob before eating), and popcorn! These foods risk breaking brackets and wires.  Also beware of nail biting and pen or pencil chewing habits, since these can damage your braces.  Do not eat sticky foods like taffy, caramels, bubble gum, or sticky candy of any sort.  Use common sense about what you eat.

Absolutely No:

  • Sugar Gum
  • Sticky Foods and candies
  • Hard Foods
  • Minimize Sugar Intake
  • Eat Much Less
  • Foods with Sugar
  • Drink Much Less Drinks with Sugar

Retainers & Appliances


Once the active period of your treatment is completed, your braces will be removed.  The next step is called retention. Retainers are utilized to hold your teeth in their new positions until your bone, gums, and muscles adapt to the new teeth positions.  You must wear your retainer as instructed, otherwise your teeth may move toward their original positions and the benefit of wearing your braces will be lost.
Your orthodontist will determine how long you need to wear your retainer.  Time varies with each patient.  Some people may need retainers for an extended period of time in order to eliminate shifting of the teeth.  In some cases, permanent retention may be necessary.  The retention period is an important part of your overall treatment and should not be neglected!


A removable appliance is carefully designed to move or to hold your teeth.  It is important that it is worn according to instructions and brought to each appointment.  Wear your appliance at all times, even while you are asleep.  It may be removed while eating, swimming, or playing vigorous sports activities.  In two or three days your speech will return to normal with the appliance in place.  Avoid flipping your appliance with your tongue.  This can cause damage to your teeth or the breakage of your appliance.  Your new appliance may make your teeth sore for a day or two, especially after an adjustment.  If you have a sore spot on your gums call our office so that we can adjust the appliance.

Clean your appliance by brushing it daily with toothpaste.  Denture cleaner can also be used for a more thorough cleaning.  If you are wearing a bonded wire retainer behind your front teeth, be extra careful to clean the wire and the area around it.  Flossing should be done every day.

Never wrap your appliance in a paper napkin or tissue and leave it on the table.  You or someone else may throw it away.  Don’t put it in your pocket when playing or you may break or lose it.  Whenever it is not in your mouth it should be in its plastic appliance case.

Keep your appliance away from dogs or cats as they love to chew on them.  Avoid storing them near any source of heat. An additional charge may be incurred for lost or broken appliances.

Brushing and Flossing

  • Brush after every meal.
  • Use a toothbrush with a small amount of toothpaste.
  • Use circular, vibrating motions around the gum line for about 10 seconds on each tooth.
  • Brush every tooth slowly.
  • Brush the lower teeth up and the upper teeth down. Also brush your tongue and the roof of your mouth.
  • Brush after every meal.
  • Use a toothbrush with a small amount of toothpaste.
  • Use circular, vibrating motions around the gumline for about 10 seconds on each tooth.
  • Brush every tooth slowly.
  • Brush the lower teeth up and the upper teeth down. Also brush your tongue and the roof of your mouth.


Proper Oral Hygiene photo
Oral Hygiene

Poor Oral Hygiene photo
Brushing and Flossing